Deductions and Write-Offs

The most frequently asked tax questions related to Deductions and Write-Offs
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Auto & Truck Expenses

2018 - Luxury Automobile Depreciation Limits

Asked Monday, December 24, 2018 by an anonymous user
Section 280F limits the §179 expensing and depreciation deductions (including bonus depreciation) with respect to certain passenger automobiles.

For passenger automobiles placed into service after December 31, 2017 the maximum amount of allowable depreciation is increased to $10,000 for the first year;
$16,000 for the second year; $9,600 for the third year; and $5,760 for the fourth and later years. Each of these amounts will be indexed for inflation in years after 2018.

The maximum first-year bonus depreciation (which was scheduled to reduce to $6,400 in 2018 and $4,800 in 2019) will remain at $8,000.

For property placed into service after December 31, 2017, qualified leasehold improvement, qualified restaurant and qualified retail improvement property will be subject to a 15-year recovery period and straight-line depreciation.
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Depreciation

2018-Bonus Depreciation

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
100% additional first-year bonus depreciation is allowed for qualified property acquired and placed into service after September 27, 2017 and before January 1, 2023.

The new rules eliminate the requirement that the original use of the property commence with the taxpayer. As such, bonus depreciation is available for new or used property.

Taxpayers have a right to elect 50% bonus depreciation for property placed into service after September 27, 2017 during the first tax year that ends after September 27, 2017.
In the years that follow the bonus depreciation percentage will diminish. i. For property placed into service after December 31, 2022 and before January 1, 2024 bonus depreciation is 80%.
ii. For property placed into service after December 31, 2023 and before January 1, 2025 bonus depreciation is 60%.
iii. For property placed into service after December 31, 2024 and before January 1, 2026 bonus depreciation is 40%.
iv. For property placed into service after December 31, 2025 and before January 1, 2027 bonus depreciation is 20%.
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Mileage Rate Deductions

2018-IRS mileage allowance

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
The IRS standard business mileage rate for 2018 is 54.5 cents a mile
.
The rate for medical expense and moving expense for certain military personnel deductions is 18 cents a mile.

For charitable volunteers the mileage rate is unchanged at 14 cents a mile.
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Depreciation

2018-Section 179 Expensing

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
The PATH Act permanently extended the enhanced $500,000 maximum amount of expensing available (along with the $2,000,000 phase-out threshold) under §179.

Under the new law, for property placed into service in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the maximum amount of expensing is increased to $1,000,000, and the phase-out threshold amount is increased to $2,500,000.

For tax years after 2018 these amounts will be indexed for inflation.
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Itemized/Standard Deduction

2018- Standard Deduction

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
The Act increases the base standard deduction from the inflation adjusted levels that applied in 2017 to:

$12,000 for Single, Qualifying widower and Married filing separately taxpayers.

$24,000 for married taxpayers filing Joint returns,

$18,000 for taxpayers filing as Head of Household.

The additional standard deduction available to taxpayers who are age 65 or older and or blind remain unchanged.
For 2018 the additional amount is $1,300 for married taxpayers and $1,600 for unmarried taxpayers.
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Itemized/Standard Deduction

2018-Itemized deductions-3%Limitation

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
For tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, the overall itemized deduction limitation of 3% of the excess of AGI over the threshold amount (applicable to certain itemized deductions) is suspended.
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Itemized/Standard Deduction

2018-Itemized deductions-Deduction limits for long-term care premiums

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
The maximum amount of age-based long-term care premiums that can be included as deductible medical expenses for 2018 (subject to the AGI floor is $420.

If you are age 40 or younger at the end of 2018; $780 for those age 41 through 50; $1,560 for those age 51 through 60; $4,160 for those age 61 through 70; and $5,200 for those over age 70.
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Itemized/Standard Deduction

2018-Itemized deductions-Gambling losses

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
Gambling losses remain deductible as a miscellaneous itemized deduction (not subject to the 2% limitation) to the extent of gambling winnings.
,br> The Act provides that all deductions for expenses incurred in carrying out wagering transactions, and not just gambling losses, are limited to the extent of gambling winnings.
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Itemized/Standard Deduction

2018-Itemized deductions-medical expenses

Asked Thursday, December 20, 2018 by an anonymous user
For tax years beginning after December 31, 2016 and before January 1, 2019, medical expenses, for all taxpayers, are deductible to the extent that they exceed 7.5% of AGI.

In addition, the AMT preference related to medical expenses is eliminated.
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